This website is dedicated to Honor Hazrat Syed Jalaluddin Surkh Posh Bukhari Bukhari (Urdu: سید جلال الدین سرخ پوش بخاری ) and his family. It is my intention for this website to serve the present generation and future generations to know their roots, history and the great heritage that has been handed down to them from their ancestors. I hope this web site might be inspirational to all who visit and that there may be something that will help everyone in some aspect. I also hope if you have any information on any of the people that might be related that you would be willing to share this information. It would be greatly appreciated.
Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari (c. 595-690 AH, 1199–1291 CE) was a Syed (a direct descendent of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH), a Sufi saint, and a revered missionary at heart. He was a follower of Baha-ud-din Zakariya of the Suhrawardiyya Sufi order. Bukhari died at the age of 95 on the 19th day of the 5th month (Jumada al-awwal) 690 AH (20 May 1291 CE) in Uch, Punjab.
Bukhari, a family name, is derived from his birthplace, Bukhara, in modern Uzbekistan. Bukhari is a Syed, a male who is a descendant of Muhammad. Bukhari’s ancestors were Muhammad’s grandsons, Hassan ibn Ali and Hussain ibn Ali, who were the sons of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) daughter Fatima and son-in-law and Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib. Naqvi is a family name used by the “Syed” or “Sayyid” who are through the lineage of Ali al-Hadi. Bukhari was born Jalaluddin (Abu Ahmed). However, he has a number of names and titles. He is known as:
- Azim ullah (Azim of Allah)
- Hassan Jalaluddin
- Jalal Akbar
- Jalal Azam
- Jalal Ganj
- Mir Buzurg (Leader Buzurg)
- Mir Surkh (Leader Surkh)
- Pir Jalaluddin Qutub-al-Aqtab
- Sharrif ullah (Sharrif of Allah)
- Sher Shah (founder)
- Sher Shah Syed Jalal.
- Surkh-Posh Bukhari.
- Syed Jalal
With formal honorifics, Bukhari is known as
- Syed Jalaluddin
- Mir Surkh Bukhari
- Shah Mir Surkh-Posh of Bukhara
- Pir Jalaluddin Qutub-al-Aqtab
- Sayyid Jalal and Sher Shah Sayyid Jalal.
Bukhari was known as Surkh-posh (“clad in red”) because he often wore a red mantle.
Bukhari was born on Friday, the fifth day of the twelfth month (Zil Hijjah) of the year 1199 AD ~ 595 AH in Bukhara, in present-day Uzbekistan. Bukhari was the son of Syed Ali Al-Moeed and the grandson of Syed Ja’far Muhammed Hussain. Bukhari’s early education was provided under the supervision and guidance of his father. He completed his education in his seventh year and is known to have performed several miracles even in childhood. Before Surk Posh reached Manhood, he had a following of more than 1500 learned men. He was later influenced by Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi.
Fatima (First Wife)
Bukhari’s first wife was Syeda Fatima, daughter of Syed Qasim Hussain Bukhari. Surk Posh Bukhari and Fatima were blessed with two sons, Syed Ali and Syed Ja’far. In 635 AH, after Fatima’s death, Bukhari moved at the age of 40 with his two sons from Bukhara to Bhakkar, Punjab Pakistan. However, both Ali and Ja’far went back to bukhara and are buried in Bukhara.
Zainab (Second Wife)
Zainab, the daughter of Genghis Khan was Surk Posh’s second Wife and had no issues.
Zohra (Third Wife)
In Bhakkar, Bukhari married Bibi Táhirih (Zohra), daughter of Badruddin (Badar-u-Din) Bhakkari. Zohra and Bukhari had two sons: Sadaruddin Mohammed Ghaus and Bahauddin Mohamed Masoom. Their descendants live in and around Thatta, Uch (Deogarh) and Lahore. A daughter of Sadaruddin Mohammed Ghaus married Jahaniyan Jahangasht.
Bibi Fatima Habiba Saeeda (Fourth Wife)
After Zohra’s death, Bukhari married the second daughter of Badruddin Bhakkari, Bibi Fatima Habiba Saeeda. They had a son, Syed Ahmed Kabir, who was the father of Jahaniyan Jahangasht and Makhdoom Sadruddin.
Bukhari’s life was spent travelling. As an Islamic missionary, he converted tribes such as the Soomro, Samma, Chadhar, Sial, Daher, Mazari and Warran. Bukhari was one of the Char Yaar (not to be confused with the Rashideen). The Char Yaar (Four Friends) was the group of pioneers of the Suhrawardiyya Sufi and Chisti movements of the 13th century in South Asia. The char yaar were:
- Baha-u-Din Zakaria of Multan (1170 – 1267)
- Baba Farid Shakar Ganj of Pakpattan (1174 – 1266)
- Lal Shahbaz Qalandar of Sehwan (1177 – 1294)
- Surk Posh Bukhari of Uch Sharif (1192 – 1294)
It is said that 17 leading tribes of Punjab accepted Islam at the hands of Baba Farid. Some of these tribes were Kharals, Dhudhyan, Tobian and also Wattoo, a Rajput tribe. Shahbaz Qalandar had a great following in Multan and Northern Sindh. Surk Posh Bukhari founded the “Jalali” section of the Suhrawardiyya order of Sufi. He converted the Samma, the Sial, the Chadhar, the Daher and the Warar tribes of the Southern Punjab and Sindh. Some of his followers (mureed) spread to Gujarat.
The mureed included Bukhari’s grandson, Jahaniyan Jahangasht (d. 1384 CE) who visited Mecca 36 times. Other mureed included Abu Muhammad Abdullah (Burhanuddin Qutb-e-Alam) (d. 1453 CE) and Shah e Alam (d. 1475 CE). In 1134 CE, the Sial followers of Bukhari settled in the community that is now Jhang. In the late 17th century, the settlement was washed away. Bukhari’s descendent, Mehboob Alam Naqvi-ul Bukrari Al-Maroof Shah Jewna, encouraged the followers to resettle the area. Many of Bukhari’s disciples are buried in Banbhore and Makli Hill near Thatta.
Surk Posh started his travels from Bukhara, Uzbekistan and initially travelled eastwards and met the great Genghis Khan before continuing southwards towards his second home in Bakhar, Punjab, Pakistan; Eventually, settling down in Uch Sharif, Punjab, Pakistan (1244). He did travel back home to bukhara, Uzbekistan once before returning to Uch Sharif for good. Syed Jalaluddin Surkh Posh Bukhari (c.1198 A.D) made Uch a center of religious education and preaching. Hazrat Jahanian Jahan Gasht (1308-1384) belonged to this land of piety and righteousness. The well-known reference of history “Tabqate Nasiri’s” writer Minhaj Siraj spent most part of his life at Uch.
During his vast travels and preaching of Islam Surk Posh met with some of prominent people of his time.
Bukhari had a legendary meeting with Genghis Khan (the mongol). Bukhari tried to convert Genghis Khan to Islam and encouraged him to spare innocent people from death. Genghis Khan was enraged by this bold act and ordered that Bukhari be burnt alive but the fire became a rose bush. Upon witnessing Surk Posh’s miracle Genghis Khan’s attitude towards Muslims softened. Even though, Genghis Khan did not embrace Islam but he always kept a soft corner for the Muslims.
Khan offered Bukhari his daughter’s hand in marriage. At first, Bukhari refused; then, a divine voice told him that his descendants through this woman would be Qutbs (saints) throughout the world. Syed families of the Punjab, Sindh, the United Provinces (Uttar Pradesh), Kachchh and Hyderabad Deccan claim to be descendants of Genghis Khan and Bukhari and trace their origins to Uch Sharif.
Sultan of Delhi
In 1244 AD ~ 642 AH, when Bukhari had begun his missionary work in Uch (known as deogarh at that time), he was visited by Nasiruddin Mahmud son of Shams-u-Din Altamash, the Sultan (ruler) of the Delhi Sultanate.
Raja Deo Singh
The ruler of Uch Sharif in 1244 was greatly incensed at this, and spared no effort to cause him trouble, but being overawed by the Syed’s miracles he fled to Marwar. Innumerable miracles are attributed to Surkh Posh. The reverence which he enjoyed may be judged from the fact that rulers used to wait upon him at Uch, for example in 642 H. Nassir-u-Din Mahmud, the eldest son of Shams-u-Din Altamash, paid him visit at Uch.
Shah Daulah Shahid
Shah Daulah Shahid, is a Muslim saint who is buried in Bengal. In Bukhara, Bukhari presented Saint Daulah with a pair of gray pigeons as a token of well wishes. From Bukhara, Saint Daulah travelled to Bengal and settled in shahzadpur. The Hindu ruler of the shahzadpur whose kingdom extended all the way up to Bihar ordered the saint to be expelled along with his followers. Consequently a battle broke between the two parties resulting in the martyrdom all of the companions of Shah Daulah except Khwaja Nur.
One of Bukhari’s female disciples was Lalleshwari (Lal Ded) also known as Lalla Arifa (Lalla, the Gnostic)(d. 1400 CE, Bijbehara). She met Jahaniyan Jahangasht, a descendant of Bukhari and embraced Islam at his hands. She travelled in Kashmir with him. Lalla was a teacher of Nuruddin Nurani who is considered by the Kashmiris, both Hindus as well as Muslims, as the patron saint of Kashmir.
Ancestors and descendants
Bukhari’s biography and family history are cited extensively in such works as the
- Manaqabi Qutbi
A detailed account of the family tree of Surkh Posh is available in the Shajra (Famly Tree) secion of this website. (Please note that you will have to register yourself on the website in order to gain access to the genealogical records of Surkh Posh). The abovementioned books only exist in manuscripts are generally found in the possession of Bukhari Syeds.
Surk Posh’s family was one of the most revered and prominent Muslim families during the rule of the Turkish dynasties in India including the Tughlaq Qabacha (Kipchak) and Mamluk dynasty of Delhi dynasties. Firuz Shah Tughlaq sent the Son of Makhdoom Sadruddin, Syed Hassamuddin Hassan Bukhari to Kara-Manikpur and he is buried in Parsaki (Parsakhi). The Kokhraj (Koh-e-Kharaj) or (Koh-e-Inam) in the district of Allahabad (near Kara-Manikpur) and his descendents are presently found in pargana Chail of Allahabad and are known as Naqvi ul-Bukhari Sada’at of Chail; He was blessed with 22 sons.
Surkh Posh’s descendants are called “Naqvi al-Bukhari” and “Naghavi” in Iran. There are a considerable number of “Naghavi” Syeds living in Iran and elsewhere. In Jordan and Iraq this surname is spelled “Naqavi”. The part of Uch where the family settled is called “Uch Bukharian”. The lineage of Surkh Bukhari contains several saints, religious leaders, and Masumeen. Some moved to Turkestan and were married to the Tatar Mongols. Others moved to Bursa in Turkey and others moved to Bilot Sharif and the Tribal Areas of Kurram, Orakzai and Kohat.
The well-known spiritual head of the Bukhari’s Syed in Kurram Agency was Syed Pahlawan Shah who was the son of Syed Hussain Ali Shah popularly known in the spiritual circles as Fakir-ul-Fukara. While in Orakzai Agency Hazrat Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari was represented by Syed Pahlwan Shah’s elder brother Syed Gul Badshah who was both a worldly and spiritual head of his followers. Syed Pahlawan Shah was against the British rule in the Sub-Continent and his consistent resistance towards English Lords made him an alarmingly acclaimed figure for the British Political Agents in Kurram Agency. He and his followers proved as a lead wall against the tyrannical rules and laws of the British in the Tribal Areas of Kurram and Orakzai Agencies. His self-evident miracles made him a legendary figure among his followers in both of the Tribal Areas. There are a number of tombs of Bukhari descendants across the Punjab, Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Descendants Listed by Geographic Areas
This section of the article is still under being worked on, please visit us again soon for updates on this section.
- Sirajganj District
- Shahjadpur (Shahzadpur)
- Shah Daulah Shahid
- Syed Abdullah Burhan u Deen Qutb E Aalam
- FATA (Federally Administrated Tribal Area)
- Kurram Agency
- Orakzai Agency
- Khyber Pakhtoonkwah (previously known as NWFP)
- Bilot Shareef
- Hazrat Shah Esa Qital
- Qutab al-aktab Makhdoom Syed Fateh Muhammad Shah Bukhari al-maroof Ghazi Baba
- Channan Pir
- Uch Sharif
- Syed Jalaluddin Surk Posh Bukhari
- Bibi Jawindi (c. 1492)
- Dera Ghazi Khan
- Baba Shah Jamal (b 1588, d 1671)
- Meeran Mauj Darya
- Pak Pattan
- Makli (near Thatta)
- Shahpur Jehanian
- Syed Weedhal Shah (b 1731, d 1812)
- Tando Jahania
- Syed Fateh Din Shah (b 1771, d 1850)
- Syed Qutub Ali Shah (b 1805, d 1910)
- Syed Roshan Ali Shah (b 1862, d 1932)
- Syed Hadi Bux Shah (b 1880, d 1942)
- Syed Weedhal Shah III (b 1911, d 2007)
- Syed Najaf Ali Shah (b 1923, d 1980)
- Syed Faiz Ali Shah (b 1926, d 1999)
Mian of Peshawar Lineage
One of Syed Jalaluddin Bukhari’s descendants, Makhdoom Syed Fateh Muhammad Shah Bukhari al-maroof Ghazi Baba, travelled to Peshawar, and settled down in western suburbs of Peshawar in a village called Wadpagga Sharif. Syed Fateh Muhammad was the 15th descendant of Syed Nasiruddin Mehmood, who was the son of Makhdoom Jahanian. He had six sons, the eldest being Syed Abdul Wahab Shah, while the youngest one was Syed Abdullah Shah. Four of Makhdoom Syed Fateh’s sons settled down in Wadpagga Sharif, while the other two moved to nearby areas, where they settled down. Wadpagga Village comprised predominantly of Bukhari Syeds and the Shrine of Ghazi Baba is the site of attraction of millions of his disciples, where they hold an annual Urs. Ghazi Baba is a contemporary of Mian Omar, a saint buried in Chamkani village in Peshawar. Some of the prominent elders of wadpagga village include Syed Rifaqat Ali Shah Bukhari, Syed Sadaqat Hussain Shah, Pir Syed Qaim Shah Bukhari, Makhdoom Syed Dawood Bukhari and Makhdoom Syed Basharat Ali Shah.
Jams of Dreg lineage (Bokhari Al-Naqvi Sadat in Dreg, Dera Ghazi Khan)
The word “Jam” means Sardar, which is derived from Sindhi ancient language. There are two clans of Jams. One clan consists of Jams in Balochistan and Sindh. They are from the Jamoot tribe. Another clan lives in Multan and surrounding areas, especially Jams of Dreg, D.G Khan. These are the descendants of Hazrat Sayyid Bahauddin Mohamed Masoom who is of the 22 sons of Hazrat Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari and trace their origin to Uch Sharif. Hazrat Sayyid Bahauddin Mohamed Masoom is the source of information about “Mith Waly” in Multan. He is the descendant of Hazrat Hassan Jalaludin Bokhari, so the people belonging to this lineage are called “Jam Bokhari Naqvi”. Mostly they live in the Multan City, in an area called “Shah Yousaf Gardez Mohallah” and known as “Mithy Waly”. The figures shows that the forefathers of Jam Bukharis Naqvis (Mithy Waly), that live in the heart of the Multan city came from Dreg, Dera Ghazi Khan, because of the uncertain conditions there and starting to live besides the very famous place of Multan City, the Mizar of Hazrat Shah Yousaf Gardez R.A after arriving to Multan from Dreg. The three famous Bazurgs of this lineage are Mitha, Kura and Mohabbat shah. Mohammad Mitha and Mohammad Kurra both are the sons of Jam Mohammad Osman Shah of Dreg. He was a reputable person of his territory. He was a very pious and God fearing man. Mohammad Osman’s family lineage traced to Hazrat Sayyid Bahauddin Mohamed Masoom R.A, Uch Sharif, who was the son of Syed Hassan Jalaluddin Bukhari. After the death of Jam Mohammad Osman Shah; the head of the Jam Bokhari Naqvi family, people raised against his family. He had two sons and three daughters. Mitha and Kurra were his sons. Family of Mohammad Mitha is known as “Mitha Family” and family of Kurra is known as “Khurra Family”. By seeing the unfavorable conditions, both brothers escaped from Dreg and migrated to Multan and started to live here. One of his cousins Mohabbat Shah also escaped with them. Multan,“Kury Wala”, became associated with the name of Kura. Muhammad Mitha, Muhammad Kura and Mohabbat Shah are buried besides “Bagh Langy Khan” which is famous with the name of Langy Khan.
Syeds of Uch Shareef Lineage
Uch Sharif is unrivalled for the number of its shrines. It is said that every inch of the ground is occupied by the grave of a saint. There are two families of Syed’s in Uch Sharif i.e. the Bukhari and the Jilani. The most revered and celebrated shrine of the Bukhari saint is that of the Makhdoom Sher Shah Jalal-u-Din Surkh Posh Bukhari.
Death and Tomb
In 1244 CE (about 640AH), Bukhari moved to Uch, Sindh with his son. He founded a religious school in Uch Sharif. He died in about 690 AH (1290 CE) in the reign of Ghayas-u-Din Balban, and was buried in a small town Sonak Bela aproximatly 3 miles from Uch Sharif. Due to the close proximity of the river Ghaggar his decendants moved and re-buried his remains away from the river (where the shrine of Hazrat Sadar-u-Din Rajan Qattal is present today). After his tomb was damaged by flood waters of the Ghaggar-Hakra River, Bukhari’s remains were once again moved and re-buried in 1618 CE (1027 AH) by Sajjada Nashin Makhdoom Hamid, son of Muhammad Nassir-u-Din to their present location in Uch and erected a building over them. In 1670 CE (1261 AH), the tomb was rebuilt by the Nawab of Bahawalpur, Muhammad Bahawal Khan III. Furthermore, an addition of a water-tank and water-well was done in the compound of the shrine. In 1882 AD (1300 AH) Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan IV had done some repairs as well. The shine keeps a special place in the hearts of people from multi- faith; both hindus as well as muslims have faith in this Khanqah. The tomb is a short way from the cemetery of Uch. It stands on a promontory overlooking the rolling plains and the desert beyond. To one side of the tomb is a mosque decorated with blue tile work. In front of the tomb is a pool. A carved wooden door leads into the room containing Bukhari’s coffin. UNESCO describes the site:
The brick-built tomb measures 18 meters by 24 meters and its carved wooden pillars support a flat roof and it is decorated with glazed tiles in floral and geometric designs. The ceiling is painted with floral designs in lacquer and its floor covered with the graves of the saint and his relatives an interior partition provides purdah for those of his womenfolk. Its mosque consists of a hall, measuring 20 meters by 11 meters, with 18 wooden pillars supporting a flat roof. It was built of cut and dressed bricks and further decorated, internally and externally, with enameled tiles in floral and geometric designs.
There is not much information available on the individuals who were buried in these tombs; the actual graves of Bibi Jawandi, Ustad Nurya and Hazrat Baha Ul Halim are no longer marked by a cenotaph. Ustad Nurya is said to be the architect responsible for Bibi Jawandi’s mausoleum while Hazrat Baha Ul Halim was a direct descendant of Syed Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari. Bibi Jawandi’s mausoleum is the oldest of the three. The architectural style of her tomb is indigenous to Upper Sindh and Lower Punjab, where moulded bricks are used as decorative elements. According to historian Holly Edwards, who has done extensive research on Bibi Jawandi’s tomb, the bastions of the mausoleum are peculiar to the region. She has found only one other similar tomb in Central Asia. In addition, the wedge-shaped tiles that have been knitted into the structural core of the building are unique to this monument.
Over the porch of the shrine the following stanza is written (Translation):
O God for the sake of the prophet-hood of the messenger to Mankind and Jinn, and for the sake of the fighter battles of Badr and Hunnain make to halves of my sins on the day of judgment, pardon one-half for the sake of Imam Hassan and the other half for the sake of the Imam Hussain.
URS (Annual Remembrance) & Mela Uch Sharif
The Mela Uch Sharif is a week-long mela (folk festival) held in March – April in Uch. People from the southern Punjab come to honor Bukhari’s role in spreading Islam. Following the centuries old tradition, people visit the shrine of Hazrat Jalaluddin Surukhposh Bukhari to start the mela. Majority of the people and devotees of Hazrat Syed Jalal spend the entire day at the shrine and offer Friday prayers at the historic Jamia Masjid built by the Abbasid rulers. The mela commemorates the congregation of Sufi saints held in 1203 AD (600 AH) on the invitation of Surk Posh Bukhari. They include:
- Jahaniyan Jahangasht (d. 1308 CE)
- Rajan Qittal
- Bibi Jawindi (c. 1492 CE) Bukhari’s great granddaughter
- Mir Mohammad Masoom, the forefather of the Bokhari Naqvi family of Dreg, Dera Ghazi Khan
- Channan Pir.
During the mela processions people perform folk dances, circus, plays and traditional bazaars are set up, selling sweets and drinks. In the olden days when communication and transportation means were poor, people stayed in Uch Sharif for four to five days to enjoy the mela, but improvement in transportation had changed the atmosphere of the mela. Visitors usually return to their houses at night.
- Book “Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht” written by Muhammad Ayub Qadri.
- Book “An Introduction to History of Sufism” By A.J.Arbery.
- Book “The Muslim Rishis of Kashmir: Crusaders for Love and Justice” By Yoginder Sikand
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