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9). Preaching of Islam in Hathala and Martyrdom:

After travelling for a day or so Syed Wilayat Ali Shah’s horse came to a stop and wouldn’t go any further. He understood the sign and decided to settle right there. This place was known as Hathala. Hathala is about 60 kilometers west from Dera Ismail Khan and is accessible through Tank road in Tehsil Kulachi. Although the names Batala and Hathala rhyme, they are not the taken as the same.

According to a folk lore when Syed Wilayat Ali Shah arrived at his destination he uttered the word “Batala”. The Saraiki speaking natives took that word and named that location Hathala. However, there is no written documentation to support this claim.

The place of residence of Syed Wilayat Ali Shah was towards the southwest outskirts of hathala city population. He started his preaching and started making acquaintances. Mostly people would come to him when they or someone they loved got sick so he could pray over them to get in Allah’s good graces. The word of his power of prayer and miraculous recoveries spread quickly and the heavily Hindu population started to convert to Islam. In a short period of five years all of hathala had accepted as their religion and most of the population became Syed Wilayat Ali Shah’s subjects.

Under the rapidly changing environment and religious landscape change, a few hardliner Hindus and Sikhs got together to plan the murder of Syed Wilayat Ali Shah. Disguised as robbers, they succeeded in martyring Syed Wilayat Ali Shah along with his horse in early 1844 AD ~ 1261 Hijri. The local natives, subjects, and disciples decided to bury him in Hathala. A shrine was built later in Syed Wilayat Ali Shah’s honor and to date people from nearby places come to visit the shrine for votive offerings and get blessed. It was due to this untimely death that there were no direct descendents of Syed Wilayat Ali Shah and neither did the natives know of any known family to send any news of his sad demise.

Back in Dera Ismail Khan, Syed Ameer Shah received the news of his son’s martyrdom through oneiromancy. After receiving the dream for third consecutive night Syed Ameer Shah understood that his beloved son has met his maker. He shared this news with his younger son Syed Inayat Ali Shah but neither of them knew the exact whereabouts of Syed Wilayat Ali Shah except that he travelled westwards of Dera Ismail Khan. In the later part of 1844 the demise of Syed Inayat Ali Shah’s wife struck the last straw and with a heavy heart both the father and son set out for the pilgrimage after selling the mansion and the garden.

8). Departure of Syed Wilayat Ali Shah for Proselytizing:

Since the early years Syed Wilayat Ali Shah was into spirituality and had a religious inclination. He was a Hafiz-e-Quran and was skilled and knowledgeable on several fronts. He was mostly found lost in the brown study and loved being by himself. Later in 1839 Syed Wilayat Ali Shah received an annunciation to travel west of Dera Ismail Khan to spread the word of Allah and Prophet Muhammad (SAW). This annunciation was the primary reason for Syed Wilayat Ali Shah to turn down the marriage proposal of the niece of Sardar Abdullah Khan Sadozai. Soon after Syed Wilayat Ali Shah received the annunciation, he told his father seeking permission to leave Dera Ismail Khan and travel westwards to serve Islam. Syed Ameer Shah swiftly gave permission to Syed Wilayat Ali Shah. Sardar Abdullah Khan Sadozai gifted his personal horse to Syed Wilayat Ali Shah for his travels ahead.

7). Syed Inayat Ali Shah’s first marriage & departure for pilgrimage:

As time passed Sardar Abdullah Khan Sadozai became quite enamored by the Syeds. Impressed from their ancestry, miracles, truthfulness of their promises and actions, and virtues Sardar Abdullah Khan showed interest in giving his brother’s daughter (niece) hand in marriage to the eldest son Syed Wilayat Ali Shah. Syed Wilayat Ali Shah was made aware of this proposal; however, due to his dervish lifestyle he respectfully turned this proposal down. The Sadozai Sardar kept insisting on converting this friendship into a consanguineous relationship (aside from the fact that his did not have a daughter). After several repeated advancements and rejections from Syed Wilayat Ali Shah, the Sadozai Sardar proposed that the next in line Syed Inayat Ali Shah be offered the same marriage proposal.

Eventually, under the instructions of Syed Ameer Shah, Syed Inayat Ali Shah’s wedding took place in the year 1843 AD ~ 1260 Hijri. Unfortunately, the Sadozai Lady passed away within a year in 1844 AD and Syed Inayat Ali Shah did not have any issue with her. Immediately after the passing away of his daughter-in-law, Syed Ameer Shah sold the mansion and the garden and started their journey to the pilgrimage towards Saudi Arabia on foot. At that time there were a lot of Sadozai suitors for the lady. When the Sadozai Sardar married her off outside of the Sadozai family many of the local Sadozai family members started to dislike the Syeds but kept quiet due to their leader i.e. Sardar Abdullah Khan Sadozai.

2). Reasons for Migration and Short History:

  1. Hazrat Syed Talha Zinda Noori Shah–a thorough Syed–got an excellent upbringing from the very beginning and went on to become a master and expert in religious as well as worldly school of thought.
  2. He first got married in Batala with a Syedda within the family and God bestowed two Sons upon him from this marriage. Billu Shah, the older son died at the age of seven whereas the younger son–Imam Shah–came of age and his family continued to live in Batala. At the time of migration Syed Talha Shah left behind his son Imam Shah with some respected women of the family in Batala.
  3. There are many reasons listed for Syed Talha’s migration; however, only the following two gained more credibility amongst the others.
    1. There was a Sikh in Batala who used to continuously insult Imam Ali. Syed Talha warned him multiple time overtime but to no avail so he killed the sikh and left Batala to come to “Derajat” which was a nomad land and a wilderness.
    2. The second credible reason for Syed Talha’s migration to Derajat is listed that when Goradhpour became a stronghold for Sikhs and they started to interfere with every walk of life. Batala was no different and the Muslims of the area felt the Sikh influence intensely. To make things worse one influential Sikh formed a group of eleven like-minded Sikh calligraphers for the sole purpose of damaging Islam. This group started to have regular sitting where these calligraphers intentionally prepared new copies of the Holy Quran with intentional and deliberate mistakes. Furthermore, after the preparation of these new Quranic volumes with merged boundaries of Halal and Haram and missing Quranic Ayas this group sold it in the market under value to gain circulation.
    3. Hazrat Syed Talha got instructed by God in his dream to take care of this situation. Syed Talha tried to make this group and its leader stop spreading such propaganda but the head sikh was blinded by his current status and power and therefore did not stop. Instead he went on insulting the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and also cursed Syed Talha for trying to stopping him.
      Upon receiving God’s confirmation Syed Talha got rid of the head sikh and all of his eleven member group for good by killing them. After the beheading Syed Talha immediately got out of Batala on a horseback. The journey ended after several days when the horse stopped in a sandy and desert like area. Syed Talha took that as a sign from God and made that place his new home.